It must go back to its country of origin within 90 days
The move came amid a growing backlash in southeast Asia against being a dumping ground for the developed world’s rubbish.
For now, 547 containers of waste will be returned to their countries of origin, including the UK, although more are being investigated.
“Some food still remains there with liquid flowing,” Mr Pambudi said as he showed the contents of several containers.
Mr Pambudi said the government has stopped more than 2,000 containers this year in several ports in East Java, Jakarta, Tangerang and Batam, near Singapore.
They were among 156 containers held in Tangerang port, near Jakarta, which will be returned soon to other countries including the UK, the US, New Zealand, Spain and Belgium.
So far it has sent back 331, which will be followed by 216 others to France, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Canada, Japan and Hong Kong.
Authorities are still investigating the rest.
He said 91 other containers will be returned to Australia after administrative processes are complete.
The government announced in July that it had sent back nearly 60 containers of waste from Australia that were supposed to contain only paper but included household waste, used cans, plastic bottles, oil packaging, used electronics, used nappies and used footwear.